Renewable Energy / Green Energy For All / Sumba Iconic Island (Indonesia)
Hivos introduced the 'Sumba Iconic Island' initiative in 2010. The initiative was immediately welcomed by Sumba’s local government districts, the state electricity company PLN and the provincial government. In 2012 they signed an agreement in which they committed to achieving the Iconic Island goal.
Sumba, which forms part of the province of Nusa Tenggara Timur, was chosen to showcase renewable energy because it is one of the poorest regions in Indonesia. The majority of the 650,000 inhabitants have no access to electricity. In 2010, 70 percent of the population used kerosene for lighting and cooking, which is expensive, highly polluting and extremely unhealthy.
Six years into the launch of the Sumba Iconic Island renewable energy project, Sumba’s electrification ratio is reaching 42.5 percent, nearly 10 percent of which is generated by alternative renewable energy from approximately 15,000 solar power plants, 1,173 biogas installations, 100 wind power units and 12 micro-hydro power plants distributed throughout the island. This ratio has already exceeded the 25 percent level measured at the signing of the 2011 Memorandum of Understanding between the Sumba local governments, the East Nusa Tenggara Governor, the State Electricity Company and HIVOS.